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Design Thinking – The Path to Innovation

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In Suits, one of the most popular series in Netflix, Alex, who is a Senior Partner in a law firm, brings his 15-year old daughter Joy to office

Parenting Dilemma: Ethics or Realities? Insights from Netflix’s ‘Suits

In Suits, one of the most popular series in Netflix, Alex, who is a Senior Partner in a law firm, brings his 15-year old daughter Joy to office. Since he would be busy with meetings the whole day, he seeks his colleague Samantha’s help to take care of his daughter for the day. Samantha and Joy hangs out at a coffee shop where Samantha sees her rival lawyer having a case discussion with his client. Joy, who is waiting at the counter to buy coffee, records their conversation. Samantha uses this as an evidence to threaten them during deposition. Alex thinks it’s wrong for Joy to record someone’s conversation like that and gets into an argument with Samantha saying, “When she does something like this, instead of telling her it’s wrong, you gave her a cookie“… “What I did was treat her like an adult and show her how the world works”, Samantha replies. Alex shuts her down by saying, “A parent’s job isn’t to teach their kids how the world is. A parent’s job is to teach them how the world should be.”

Conditioned Mind

We are all taught by our parents about how the world should be. In their training programmes, universities create artificial problems for students to solve, which is far from real-world problems. It’s far from how the world works. This way we are conditioned to have preconceived notions which creates a conflict with the world, when we become adults out of college. The world looks so different from how we were taught by our parents and teachers. This training creates a lot of bias in our thinking process, when we face the real world. In the famous book, ‘Factfulness’, whose admirers include Barack Obama and Bill Gates, co-author Dr. Hans Rosling discusses this bias and demonstrates this with fascinating graphs. He argues that how we wrongly think about the world when it is actually far better. At some point in history, people started realizing the drawbacks of this conditioning and started talking about accepting reality and understanding others opinions and problems, rather than being idealistic. This gave birth to empiricism, agile methodology, behavioural economics, customer analytics and so on.

What is Empathy?

In order for us to truly understand the world, among other things most importantly, people, the most essential quality is empathy, which is commonly defined as putting yourself in other shoes and thinking from their point of view. Kelly brothers, in their book ‘Creative Confidence’ beautifully defines, “Empathy means challenging your preconceived ideas and setting aside your sense of what you think is true in order to learn what actually is true”. When we try to understand others problems by paying close attention to them that change in mindset is the birth place of innovation. Where your preconceived thoughts end, innovation begins.

The Five Whys:

Innovation often doesn’t happen by luck, as believed by many. If that is the case, you wouldn’t find serial entrepreneurs. These people understand something that many don’t. This understanding is possible through empathy. Innovation is possible when you truly put yourself in the customer’s mindset, by feeling what they feel and understanding their problems. Usually this is achieved by asking questions and doing field observations. Many a time customers themselves don’t know what they want. During analysis, the problem lying on the surface looks simple to solve, but when you repeatedly ask the right questions to get to the bottom, that is where the root cause is. Japanese use the “Five Whys” procedure, which suggests asking at least five why questions to understand the root cause of a problem. Read again! – I said at least five! Ask the right questions, constantly learn and build on top of your understanding to get to the real problem.

Importance of Asking The Right Questions

For example, in a restaurant, if the customer says the elevator is too slow, there may be two possible reasons. Either the customer feels a longer waiting time, or she feels that the elevator is actually slow. The solution to address these two possibilities are very different. If the perceivable waiting time is long, it can be fixed by playing music or installing mirrors. If the elevator itself is slow, then it can be fixed by improving the speed or updating the algorithms. Asking the right questions lead to better understanding of the customer.
After several days of careful design of a new production facility, Frank Brock, former executive vice president of the Brock Candy Company, showed the blueprint to his production workers. One worker said, “It’s a fine looking building Mr. Brock, but that sugar valve looks like it’s about twenty feet away from the steam valve.” “What’s wrong with that?” asked Brock. “Well, nothing,” said the worker, “except that I have to have my hands on both valves at the same time!”. When you put the users at the centre of design, you are less likely to make mistakes. At least, Brock caught the problem at the design phase!

Design Thinking:

Kelly brothers call this design-driven innovation, Amazon calls it the Innovation Flywheel in the context of modern application development and Don Normal calls it the Human-centred Design(HCD) in his book ‘The Design of Everyday things’. He says, “Human centred design is an approach that puts human needs, capabilities and behaviour first, then designs to accommodate those needs, capabilities, and ways of behaving”. This is exactly how Apple designs its products. In a 2012 Harvard Business School case study, “Design Thinking and Innovation at Apple”, Cordell Ratzlaff, a major architect of the Mac OS X operating system (circa 1990), noted saying: “We did the design first. We focused on what we thought people would need and want, and how they would interact with their computer. We made sure we got that right, and then we went and figured out how to achieve it technically.”

As I always tell my team, human problems never change, but the solutions does! When we truly show the willingness to understand the customers’ problems by empathising with them, we step into the exciting world of innovation and creative solutions!

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Karthikeyan Alagarswamy

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Vikas Krishan

Chief Digital Business Officer and Head of the EMEA region

Vikas (Vik) Krishan serves as the Chief Digital Business Officer and Head of the EMEA region for Altimetrik. He is responsible for leading and growing the company’s presence across new and existing client relationships within the region.

Vik is a seasoned executive and brings over 25 years of global experience in Financial Services, Digital, Management Consulting, Pre- and Post-deal services and large/ strategic transformational programmes, gained in a variety of senior global leadership roles at firms such as Globant, HCL, Wipro, Logica and EDS and started his career within Investment Banking. He has developed significant cross industry experience across a wide variety of verticals, with a particular focus on working with and advising the C-Suite of Financial Institutions, Private Equity firms and FinTech’s on strategy and growth, operational excellence, performance improvement and digital adoption.

He has served as the engagement lead on multiple global transactions to enable the orchestration of business, technology, and operational change to drive growth and client retention.

Vik, who is based in London, serves as a trustee for the Burma Star Memorial Fund, is a keen photographer and an avid sportsman.

Megan Farrell Herrmanns

Chief Digital Officer, US Central

Megan is a senior business executive with a passion for empowering customers to reach their highest potential. She has depth and breadth of experience working across large enterprise and commercial customers, and across technical and industry domains. With a track record of driving measurable results, she develops trusted relationships with client executives to drive organizational growth, unlock business value, and internalize the use of digital business as a differentiator.

At Altimetrik, Megan is responsible for expanding client relationships and developing new business opportunities in the US Central region. Her focus is on digital business and utilizing her experience to create high growth opportunities for clients. Moreover, she leads the company’s efforts in cultivating and enhancing our partnership with Salesforce, strategically positioning our business to capitalize on new business opportunities.

Prior to Altimetrik, Megan spent 10 years leading Customer Success at Salesforce, helping customers maximize the value of their investments across their technology stack. Prior to Salesforce, Megan spent over 15 years with Accenture, leading large transformational projects for enterprise customers.

Megan earned a Bachelor of Science in Mechanical Engineering from Marquette University. Beyond work, Megan enjoys playing sand volleyball, traveling, watching her kids soccer games, and is actively involved in a philanthropy (Advisory Council for Cradles to Crayons).

Adaptive Clinical Trial Designs: Modify trials based on interim results for faster identification of effective drugs.Identify effective drugs faster with data analytics and machine learning algorithms to analyze interim trial results and modify.
Real-World Evidence (RWE) Integration: Supplement trial data with real-world insights for drug effectiveness and safety.Supplement trial data with real-world insights for drug effectiveness and safety.
Biomarker Identification and Validation: Validate biomarkers predicting treatment response for targeted therapies.Utilize bioinformatics and computational biology to validate biomarkers predicting treatment response for targeted therapies.
Collaborative Clinical Research Networks: Establish networks for better patient recruitment and data sharing.Leverage cloud-based platforms and collaborative software to establish networks for better patient recruitment and data sharing.
Master Protocols and Basket Trials: Evaluate multiple drugs in one trial for efficient drug development.Implement electronic data capture systems and digital platforms to efficiently manage and evaluate multiple drugs or drug combinations within a single trial, enabling more streamlined drug development
Remote and Decentralized Trials: Embrace virtual trials for broader patient participation.Embrace telemedicine, virtual monitoring, and digital health tools to conduct remote and decentralized trials, allowing patients to participate from home and reducing the need for frequent in-person visits
Patient-Centric Trials: Design trials with patient needs in mind for better recruitment and retention.Develop patient-centric mobile apps and web portals that provide trial information, virtual support groups, and patient-reported outcome tracking to enhance patient engagement, recruitment, and retention
Regulatory Engagement and Expedited Review Pathways: Engage regulators early for faster approvals.Utilize digital communication tools to engage regulatory agencies early in the drug development process, enabling faster feedback and exploration of expedited review pathways for accelerated approvals
Companion Diagnostics Development: Develop diagnostics for targeted recruitment and personalized treatment.Implement bioinformatics and genomics technologies to develop companion diagnostics that can identify patient subpopulations likely to benefit from the drug, aiding in targeted recruitment and personalized treatment
Data Standardization and Interoperability: Ensure seamless data exchange among research sites.Utilize interoperable electronic health record systems and health data standards to ensure seamless data exchange among different research sites, promoting efficient data aggregation and analysis
Use of AI and Predictive Analytics: Apply AI for drug candidate identification and data analysis.Leverage AI algorithms and predictive analytics to analyze large datasets, identify potential drug candidates, optimize trial designs, and predict treatment outcomes, accelerating the drug development process
R&D Investments: Improve the drug or expand indicationsUtilize computational modelling and simulation techniques to accelerate drug discovery and optimize drug development processes